By Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley
In either the preferred mind's eye and between lawmakers and nationwide defense specialists, there exists the idea that with enough motivation and fabric assets, states or terrorist teams can produce bioweapons simply, cost effectively, and effectively. In Barriers to Bioweapons, Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley demanding situations this belief by way of displaying that bioweapons improvement is a tricky, protracted, and dear exercise, hardly reaching the predicted effects regardless of the value of funding. Her findings are in response to huge interviews she carried out with former U.S. and Soviet-era bioweapons scientists and on cautious research of archival info and different historic records relating to a variety of country and terrorist bioweapons programs.
Bioweapons improvement will depend on residing organisms which are delicate to their atmosphere and dealing with stipulations, and as a result behave unpredictably. those beneficial properties position a better top rate on really expert wisdom. Ben Ouagrham-Gormley posits that loss of entry to such highbrow capital constitutes the best barrier to the making of bioweapons. She integrates theories drawn from economics, the sociology of technological know-how, association, and administration along with her empirical learn. The ensuing theoretical framework rests at the concept that the speed and good fortune of a bioweapons improvement application might be measured by means of its skill to make sure the production and move of clinical and technical wisdom. the categorical organizational, managerial, social, political, and financial stipulations helpful for fulfillment are tricky to accomplish, really in covert courses the place the necessity to hinder detection imposes managerial and organizational stipulations that clash with wisdom production.
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Additional info for Barriers to Bioweapons: The Challenges of Expertise and Organization for Weapons Development (Cornell Studies in Security Affairs)
Barriers to Bioweapons: The Challenges of Expertise and Organization for Weapons Development (Cornell Studies in Security Affairs) by Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley